Trong đề thi IELTS Writing introduction là phần đầu tiên của một bài viết essay và cũng chính là phần giúp thí sinh gây ấn tượng với giám khảo. Trong bài viết này WISE sẽ giúp bạn gây ấn tượng tốt ngay phần mở đầu với hướng dẫn chi tiết cho từng dạng bài.

So sánh các hai phần INTRODUCTION sau:                

New technologies have changed the way children spend their free time. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

Introduction A: It is an undeniable fact that the way children spend their leisure time has been altered by the onset of the digital age.

Introduction B: It is true that many children now spend much of their spare time playing with the latest technological devices. Despite some obvious disadvantages of this trend, I believe that these are outweighed by the advantages.

Các bạn có thể chỉ ra rằng đoạn mở đầu nào tốt hơn không?

Introduction A: đoạn A có giới thiệu chủ đề của bài viết nhưng không đưa ra quan điểm của người viết => không trả lời đầy đủ câu hỏi

Introduction B: đoạn B có giới thiệu chủ đề của bài viết cũng như quan điểm của người viết một cách rõ ràng à đoạn mở bài đầy đủ và giúp người đọc biết được những thông tin sẽ được trình bày ở phần thân bài.

  • Một đoạn mở bài tốt trong bài IELTS Writing Task 2 bao gồm:
  • Câu giới thiệu chủ đề của bài viết.
  • Câu trả lời ngắn gọn, chung chung cho câu hỏi của đề bài.

Vậy làm sao để viết được một Introduction tốt, hãy xem hướng dẫn sau:

I. Cách viết một introduction – task 2

Bước 1: Xác định dạng bài (task type), chủ đề (statement) và câu hỏi (question) trong đề bài.

Bước 2: Paraphrase (diễn đạt lại) chủ đề và trả lời câu hỏi

Ví dụ: Some people think that all university students should only be allowed to study subjects that will be useful in the future such as those related to science and technology. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Bước 1:

Task type: Opinion

Statement: Some people think that all university students should only be allowed to study subjects that will be useful in the future such as those related to science and technology.

Question: Agree or disagree?

Bước 2:

Câu 1: Paraphrase the statement

trung tâm anh ngữ đà nẵng luyện thi ielts

Câu 2: Answer the question

  • Nếu như bạn đồng ý với luận điểm đề bài đưa ra, bạn có thể viết: I personally agree with this view.
  • Nếu như bạn không đồng ý với luận điểm đề bài đưa ra, bạn có thể viết: I completely disagree with this point of view.
  • Nếu như bạn không hoàn toàn đồng ý hay phản đối, bạn có thể viết: While I accept that it would be better for students to be forced into certain key subject areas, I also believe that everyone should be able to study the course of their choice.

Sau khi đã xác định được các yếu tố đề bài đưa ra và thay đổi cách diễn đạt, bạn có được đề bài hoàn chỉnh như sau:

  • It is thought that all students entering university should solely be allowed to study subjects that will be of use for their future such as science-based subjects. I completely disagree with this point of view.

II. Cách viết introduction cho từng dạng bài cụ thể

1.1 OPINION

CÁCH 1:

Câu 1:

  • Many people argue that (paraphrase the statement).
  • It is true that many people prefer to….
  • It is argued that ….
  • It is believed that

Câu 2:

trung tâm anh ngữ đà nẵng luyện thi ielts

Ví dụ:

Whether or not someone achieve their aims is mostly by a question of luck. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Introduction: Many people argue that luck is the most crucial element contributing to a person’s success. While I accept that luck does have an important role in helping people reach their targets, I also believe that hard work and determination are much more crucial factors leading to the achievement of an individual.

CÁCH 2:

Bước 1: Xác định từ khóa trong đề bài

Bước 2: Thay đổi câu 1 của Introduction thành một câu trần thuật (factual statement) và diễn đạt lại từ khóa để viết câu thứ hai.

Ví dụ: Some people think that all teenagers should be required to do unpaid work in their free time to help the local community. They believe this would benefit both the individual teenager and society as a whole. Do you agree or disagree?

Introduction:

Many young people work on a volunteer basis, and this can only be beneficial for both the individual and society as a whole. (factual statement)

However, I do not agree that we should therefore force all teenagers to do unpaid work.

*Cách 2 thường được sử dụng để kéo dài câu 2 trong phần Introduction hơn cách 1.

1.2 Discussion

Câu 1: · People’s opinions differ as to….

  • People have different views about…

Câu 2:

  • While there are benefits to (view 1), there are also good reasons why it might be beneficial to (view 2).
  • Many people believe that (view 1), whereas others claim that (view 2).
  • While some people think (view 1), there are good reasons why (view 2).

Ví dụ: Some people think that individuals are born to be leaders, others believe

leadership can be learnt. Discuss both views.

Introduction: People have different views about what makes a great leader. Many people

believe that there are individuals who have the inborn ability to be leaders, whereas others

claim that leadership is something we need to learn.

1.3 Discussion and opinion 

Chia sẻ chiến lược làm bài ielts writing

Ví dụ: Some people think that famous people can help international aid organizations to draw attention to important problems. Others believe that the celebrities can make the problems seem less important. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Introduction: It is true that well-known people’s involvement in global aid organizations attracts the attention of the community. While a number of people suppose that their participation may downplay the significance of problems, I would argue that this trend could bring about enormous and positive changes to society.

1.4 Problems and solutions 

Câu 1: It is true that….

Câu 2:

  • There are a number of reasons/causes behind this phenomenon/tendency/trend/view and several solutions should be adopted (by governments and individuals) to improve the situation.
  • Several problems have resulted from this tendency and they should be tackled by a number of effective solutions from (governments and individuals).
  • While some reasons for this trend can be identified, there are solutions which … should adopt.

Ví dụ: Cycling is more environmentally friendly than other forms of transport. Why is it not popular in many places? And how to increase its popularity?

Introduction: It is true that although riding a bicycle is clearly a better way to protect the environment than using other types of vehicles, not many people around the world prefer this means of transport. There are a number of causes behind this unpopularity, and several solutions should be adopted to improve the situation.

1.5 2 Part question

Câu 1: It is true that….

Câu 2: ………….(answer the first question in general), and ………………(answer the second question in general)

Ví dụ: In some parts of the world it is becoming popular to research the history of one’s own family.

Why might people want to do this? Is it a positive or negative development?

Introduction: It is true that in several countries, many people are increasingly conducting

research regarding the origins of their own family. There are a number of reasons behind this trend, and in my opinion it is a negative tendency.

III. Exercises

Write the Introduction for the following tasks.

  1. Although more and more people read news on the Internet, newspapers will remain the most important source of news. Do you agree or disagree?
  2. Some people think that it is good for a country’s culture to import foreign movies and TV programmes. Others think that it is better to produce these locally.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Hy vọng bài viết đã giúp các bạn giải đáp được những thắc mắc liên quan đến cách viết INTRODUCIOTN trong bài thi IELTS Writing Task 2.

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