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LESSON 3 : Hướng dẫn cách viết bài DISCUSSION + OPINION ESSAY

I. THẾ NÀO LÀ DISCUSSION + OPINION ESSAY

Dạng đề này rất dễ nhận dạng và chia bố cục, thân bài đoạn một viết ý kiến không ủng hộ, đoạn hai viết ý kiến ủng hộ. Và lưu ý đưa ý kiến của mình (opinion) vào body 2. Câu hỏi thường được đưa ra rất rõ ràng.

– Discus both views and give your opinion.

– Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

Ví dụ:

Some people believe that studying at university or college is the best route to a successful career, while others believe that it is better to get a job straight after school. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Các bạn chỉ viết 4 khổ (paragraphs) như sau:

NOTE: Tất nhiên đa phần các câu sẽ là compound & complex sentences (câu phức và câu ghép) nhé !

 

II. TEMPLATE

TOPICS:

It is becoming increasingly popular to have a year off between finishing school and going to university. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

1. INTRODUCTION

STEP 1: Parapharase đề

STEP 2: Trả lời câu hỏi

Lưu ý: Đối với thể loại này, bạn phải đưa ý kiến của mình vào nhé (từ Introduction, đến Body và cả Conclusion).

Ví dụ:

Nowadays, many high school graduates decide to take a one-year break, before starting university. While there are several certain benefits for students who do this, I believe there are far more drawbacks.

Paraphrase:

Have a year off = taking a gap year = take a one-year break.

Between finishing school and going to university = before attending college = before starting university.

Một số ví dụ khác:

– Example 1:

Some people believe that studying at university or college is the best route to a successful career, while others believe that it is better to get a job straight after school.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

-> INTRODUCTION:

When they finish school, teenagers face the dilemma of whether to get a job or continue their education. While there are some benefits to getting a job straight after school, I would argue that it is better to go to college or university.

– Example 2:

Some people regard video games as harmless fun, or even as a useful educational tool. Others, however, believe that videos games are having an adverse effect on the people who play them. In your opinion, do the drawbacks of video games outweigh the benefits?

-> INTRODUCTION:

Many people, and children in particular, enjoy playing computer games. While I accept that these games can sometimes have a positive effect on the user, I believe that they are more likely to have a harmful impact.

– Example 3:

Some people think that it is best to live in a horizontal city while others think of a vertical city. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

-> INTRODUCTION:

Some people believe that living in a horizontal city is the best, while the opponents of this idea are of the opinion to settle in a vertical city. While there are benefits for residents to dwell in a city which consists of low-rise construction, I would argue that cities with skyscrapers and high-rise buildings offer more advantages.

2. BODY

a. Nếu sau các phần PLANNING các bạn chỉ có một ý tưởng (1 BIG IDEA)

STEP 1: Nêu ra 1 idea

STEP 2: Nêu supportive arguments (explanations)

STEP 3: Nêu examples

Ví dụ:

b. NẾU NHƯ TRONG BÀI CÓ HƠN 1 IDEA THÌ SẼ THẾ NÀO NHỈ?

STEP 1: Idea 1 => Nêu ra supportive sentence (hoặc/và examples)

STEP 2: Idea 2 => Nêu ra supportive sentence (hoặc/và examples)

Ví dụ:

3. CONCLUSION

STEP: Paraphrase đề lại lần nữa nào

In conclusion, after analyzing both sides, it would argue that a year off is the best option for the students if they are sure they will continue their studies after they return from taking a gap year.

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