Sử dụng từ đồng nghĩa (synonyms) là một trong những “tuyệt chiêu” đơn giản và hiệu quả để paraphrase. Đặc biệt là với những bạn muốn đạt được điểm cao trong kỳ thi này thì tất nhiên không thể không sử dụng “trợ thủ đắc lực” này.
Dưới đây là list 50 từ thông dụng và loạt từ đồng nghĩa tương ứng đã được WISE tổng hợp lại, đồng thời phân chia theo các ngữ cảnh (context) khác nhau, đưa ra các ví dụ để tránh nhầm lẫn khi dùng từ. Hi vọng sẽ có thể hỗ trợ các bạn nhiều hơn trong việc luyện paraphrase cũng như nâng cao vốn từ vựng cho kỳ thi IELTS.
benefit/ strength/ positive aspect/ merit
E.g.1: One of the many benefits of foreign travel is learning how to cope with the unexpected.
E.g.2: One distinct merit of imported food is that it offers consumers more choices.
E.g. High blood pressure is almost invariably accompanied by high blood cholesterol.
incredible/ astonishing (impossible, or very difficult, to believe.)
E.g.1: Her first novel enjoyed an astonishing success.
extraordinary (very unusual, special, unexpected, or strange.)
E.g.2: The rain forest is home to many extraordinary creatures.
fabulous/ fantastic (very good, excellent.)
E.g.3: We had a fabulous time at the party.
appealing/ absorbing/ engrossing
E.g.1: I found the movie completely engrossing from beginning to end.
E.g.2: Fishing can be a totally absorbing hobby.
terrible/ dreadful/ disgusting/ revolting (very bad or extremely unpleasant)
E.g.1: The calamity (tai họa) caused by the economic crisis was dreadful.
abominable (extremely unpleasant and causing horror)
E.g.2: The judge described the attack as an abominable crime.
appalling (extremely bad, especially from a moral point of view)
E.g.3: It was one of the most appalling atrocities (sự tàn bạo) of the war.
gorgeous/ ravishing/ dazzling/ splendid (very beautiful and attractive)
E.g.1: From our hotel, there were gorgeous views of the city.
E.g.2: A dazzling smile flashed across his face.
exquisite (extremely beautiful or carefully made)
E.g.3: Her wedding dress was absolutely exquisite.
stunning (rather informal)
E.g.4: They make a stunning couple.
E.g. Their workforce is widely accepted to have the best conditions in Europe.
greatest/ finest/ first-rate/ first-class/ second to none/ premier
E.g.1: This movie features some of her finest work.
E.g.2: The car was in first-class condition.
E.g.3: We provide a service that is second to none.
E.g.4: The new Institute of Contemporary Art is one of Boston’s premier attractions.
top (highest in rank, degree or importance)
E.g.5: Welfare reform is a top priority for the government.
ultimate (most extreme; best, worst, greatest, most important, etc.)
E.g.6: Nuclear weapons are the ultimate deterrent.
large (big in size or quantity)
E.g.1: The population is slightly larger than that of Canada.
huge/ enormous/ tremendous/ immense/ gigantic/ massive (extremely large in size or amount; great in degree)
E.g.2: Anti-social behaviour affects a huge number of people daily.
E.g.3: Universities are under enormous pressure financially.
E.g.4: The government put massive amounts of money into the health service.
E.g.1: The war memorial was erected in 1950.
establish (to start or create an organization, a system, etc. that is meant to last for a long time)
E.g.2: They now hope to establish a centre in Cuba.